Infertility is usually defined as an inability to get pregnant after one year of regular unprotected intercourse. Infertility may be further classified into primary and secondary infertility.

The causes of infertility are varied. It can be broadly divided into male factors, female factors and unexplained factors. Male Factors-Deranged Seman parameters (Azoospermia, Asthenozoospermia, Teratozoospermia), Varicocele and Erectile dysfunction, Retrograde ejaculation. In addition psychological

Studies prove that 1 in every seven couple experience some degree of infertility related problems. The prevalence of infertility shows no difference between either genders.

No, the prevalence of infertility is the same among men and women. The causes of infertility is varied and a complete evaluation is necessary to determine the same.

ART stands for Assisted Reproductive Technology. It increases the chances of achieving a pregnancy using fertility enhancement procedures like Intrauterine insemination (IUI), Conventional In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).

Success rate depends upon plethora of factors and the techniques employed. Hence the success rates can only be predicted after a complete evaluation of each case. As a general rule, the success rate of IUI is only 20% for an optimal sample and 40% for IVF.

Failure of IVF can result from variety of factors. These factors range from poor oocyte quality to suboptimal laboratory conditions. Each failed cycle of IVF has to be evaluated for the cause and it is only after this that a reason can be pointed out. Kindly consult your fertility specialist.

Painful periods do not affect fertility. In fact, for most patients, regular painful periods usually signal ovulatory cycles.

There are different grades of endometriosis. It is advisable to discuss this with your gynecologist for further management of the same. However, as a general rule, commencing an IVF cycle is not recommended when the disease is in its active stage.

During the time of ovulation, an egg is available to be fertilized for only about 12-24 hours. But since sperm can live in the body for 3-5 days and then the egg is available for one day, your most fertile time is considered to be about 5-7 days.

Varicocele is a enlargement of veins in the scrotum. Varicocele decreases sperm count by Increasing ambient temperature of scrotum Associated with low testosterone levels implied in Sperm DNA damage Varicocele may suspected upon palpation of the scrotum (bag of worms) and confirmed by Doppler of the

No, There are no conclusive studies to prove that babies born out of ART are at increased risk for congenital anomalies.

No, ART does not result in increasing weight.

There is no difference in the pregnancy rates or live birth rates between fresh or frozen embryos. There is no conclusive evidence to suggest that cryopreservation affects the quality of embryos.